"Evolution of the air temperature in Athens and evidence of climatic change: A review". N°1 du Maillot de bain Femme et du Beachwear. Over the past decade, the city's infrastructure and social amenities have improved, in part because of its successful bid to stage the 2004 Olympic Games. Books-in-Greek is the most recent and most complete Greek on-line bookstore ... Athens in Poems: To teleytaio reunion... more:: NewsLetter. It has a fleet of 35 Sirio type vehicles which serve 48 stations, employ 345 people with an average daily occupancy of 65,000 passengers. The port of Piraeus, where big investments by COSCO have already been delivered during the recent decade, the completion of the new Cargo Centre in Thriasion, the expansion of the Athens Metro and the Athens Tram, as well as the projected metropolitan park in Elliniko and other economic projects are the economic landmarks of the upcoming years. , Athens is the major transportation hub of Greece. The revival of the modern Olympic Games was brought forth in 1896, by Frenchman Pierre de Coubertin. Located on Panepistimiou Street, the old campus of the University of Athens, the National Library, and the Athens Academy form the "Athens Trilogy" built in the mid-19th century. Athena’s association with the acropolises of various Greek cities probably stemmed from the location of the kings’ palaces there. As a result, Athens has more than a dozen archaeological libraries and three specialized archaeological laboratories, and is the venue of several hundred specialized lectures, conferences and seminars, as well as dozens of archaeological exhibitions, each year. Athens (/ˈæθɪnz/ ATH-inz; Greek: Αθήνα, romanized: Athína [aˈθina] (listen); Ancient Greek: Ἀθῆναι, romanized: Athênai (pl.) The zoo is home to around 2000 animals representing 400 species, and is open 365 days a year. area and average elevation)", http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=urb_lpop1&lang=en, "Sentiment a factor as Athens gets 2004 Olympics", "As forest fires burn, suffocated Athens is outraged", "Rot sets in as Athens's trash problem mounts", "SAFE CITIES INDEX 2017: Security in a rapidly urbanizing world", "Is Athens Safe? There are overall ten state-supported Institutions of Higher (or Tertiary) education located in the Athens Urban Area, these are by chronological order: Athens School of Fine Arts (1837), National Technical University of Athens (1837), National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (1837), Agricultural University of Athens (1920), Athens University of Economics and Business (1920), Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences (1927), University of Piraeus (1938), Harokopio University of Athens (1990), School of Pedagogical and Technological Education (2002), University of West Attica (2018). The Cephissus river, the Ilisos and the Eridanos stream are the historical rivers of Athens. Euripides was no stranger to tragedy—actually, he was one of its fathers. Helen Iatrou. Athens is built around a number of hills. She was associated with birds, particularly the owl, which became famous as the city’s own symbol, and with the snake. Athens was awarded the 2004 Summer Olympics on 5 September 1997 in Lausanne, Switzerland, after having lost a previous bid to host the 1996 Summer Olympics, to Atlanta, United States. The Athens Metropolitan Area, with an area of 2,928.717 km2 (1,131 sq mi) and inhabited by 3,753,783 people in 2011, consists of the Athens Urban Area with the addition of the towns and villages of East and West Attica, which surround the dense urban area of the Greek capital. Stathopoulou M., Cartalis C., Andritsos A. Localities with a great number of such buildings include Kolonaki, and some areas of the centre of the city; neighbourhoods developed in this period include Kypseli.. Outside Crete, Athens, and the Ottoman-era Cretan Greek Muslims also speak the dialect. Some of them are PAO Rouf (Rouf) with earlier presence in Gamma Ethniki, Petralona F.C. I’ve put together a list of our favourite things to do in Athens, which includes archaeological sites, museums, beaches, shopping recommendations, unique tours, and what to see on day trips as well. The term Athens can refer either to the Municipality of Athens, to Greater Athens, or to the entire Athens Urban Area. Guided by Pericles, who promoted the arts and fostered democracy, Athens embarked on an ambitious building program that saw the construction of the Acropolis of Athens (including the Parthenon), as well as empire-building via the Delian League. However, this did not prevent Athens from being captured and sacked twice by the Persians within one year, after a heroic but ultimately failed resistance at Thermopylae by Spartans and other Greeks led by King Leonidas, after both Boeotia and Attica fell to the Persians. By the late 1970s, the pollution of Athens had become so destructive that according to the then Greek Minister of Culture, Constantine Trypanis, "...the carved details on the five the caryatids of the Erechtheum had seriously degenerated, while the face of the horseman on the Parthenon's west side was all but obliterated. Another important Athenian sport club is the Athens Tennis Club founded in 1895 with important offer for the Greek tennis.. Katsoulis B.D., Theoharatos G.A. It runs from Piraeus station to Kifissia station and covers a distance of 25.6-kilometre (15.9 mi). Its main section extends from the western industrial suburb of Elefsina to Athens International Airport; while two beltways, namely the Aigaleo Beltway (A65) and the Hymettus Beltway (A64) serve parts of western and eastern Athens respectively. Athens is one of the major economic centres in south-eastern Europe and is considered as a regional economic power in Europe generally. WRITTEN IN STONE: Exploring Athens Greece and the Acropolis on foot is to take a huge step back in time with marvelous architecture and massive works of … The banking sector is represented by National Bank of Greece, Alpha Bank, Eurobank, and Piraeus Bank, while the Bank of Greece is also situated in the City Centre.  Concerts and theatrical shows, such as those by the troupe Cirque du Soleil, have recently been held in the complex. Thus, the Old Royal Palace was the first important public building to be built, between 1836 and 1843. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning over 3,400 years and its earliest human presence started somewhere between the 11th and 7th millennium BC.. , Tourism is also a great contributor for the economy of the city, which is considered as one of the top destinations in Europe for city-break tourism and is also the gateway for excursions to the islands or the mainland. Acharnae, Afidnes, Cytherus, Colonus, Corydallus, Cropia, Decelea, Euonymos, Vravron among others was important towns in Athenian countryside.  In an alternative version of the myth from Vergil's Georgics, Poseidon instead gave the Athenians the first horse. , Athens ranks in the lowest percentage for the risk on frequency and severity of terrorist attacks according to the EU Global Terrorism Database (EIU 2007–2016 calculations). Piraeus also forms a significant city centre on its own, within the Athens Urban Area and it is the second largest in population size within it, with Peristeri, Kallithea and Kypseli following. The large City Centre (Greek: Κέντρο της Αθήνας) of the Greek capital falls directly within the Municipality of Athens or Athens Municipality (Greek: Δήμος Αθηναίων)—also City of Athens. July and August are the driest months when thunderstorms occur sparsely. Athens’ hotel Semiramis is one of the best hotels in Athens for those looking for something a little different.  Beyond the dimensions of its passenger capacity, ATH handled 205,294 total flights in 2007, or approximately 562 flights per day.. Smaller zoos exist within public gardens or parks, such as the zoo within the National Garden of Athens. Two Athenians, the sculptor Phidias and the playwright Aeschylus, contributed significantly to the cultural dissemination of Athena’s image. While its main purpose is transport, it also houses Greek artifacts found during construction of the system. All over the city can be found several statues or busts. The heritage of the classical era is still evident in the city, represented by ancient monuments and works of art, the most famous of all being the Parthenon, considered a key landmark of early Western civilization. For the greatest part of the 19th century Neoclassicism dominated Athens, as well as some deviations from it such as Eclecticism, especially in the early 20th century. 11 août 2015 - Découvrez le tableau "Circuit Grèce" de Orcada Voyages sur Pinterest.  It was possibly rendered in the plural later on, like those of Θῆβαι (Thêbai) and Μυκῆναι (Μukênai). Athens' largest zoo is the Attica Zoological Park, a 20-hectare (49-acre) private zoo located in the suburb of Spata.  Greece's most notable, and internationally famous, composers of Greek song, mainly of the entechno form, are Manos Hadjidakis and Mikis Theodorakis. The Athens Metropolitan Area consists of 58 densely populated municipalities, sprawling around the Municipality of Athens (the City Centre) in virtually all directions. In 1458 it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire and entered a long period of decline. The municipality of Piraeus, the historic Athenian port, with 4 other municipalities make up the regional unit of Piraeus. The basin is bounded by four large mountains: Mount Aigaleo to the west, Mount Parnitha to the north, Mount Pentelicus to the northeast and Mount Hymettus to the east. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Greek gods and goddesses could be many things, but they were never boring. There are transfer connections with the Blue Line 3 at Monastiraki station and with the Red Line 2 at Omonia and Attiki stations. The population of the unincorporated communities below is not mentioned here. A series of anti-pollution measures taken by the city's authorities in the 1990s, combined with a substantial improvement of the city's infrastructure (including the Attiki Odos motorway, the expansion of the Athens Metro, and the new Athens International Airport), considerably alleviated pollution and transformed Athens into a much more functional city. See these phrases in any combination of two languages in the Phrase Finder. In 338 BC the armies of Philip II defeated an alliance of some of the Greek city-states including Athens and Thebes at the Battle of Chaeronea, effectively ending Athenian independence.  According to a Mercer 2019 Quality of Living Survey, Athens ranks 89th on the Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranking. Kassomenos P.A. Athens is home to 148 theatrical stages, more than any other city in the world, including the ancient Odeon of Herodes Atticus, home to the Athens Festival, which runs from May to October each year. The Italian Embassy in Vasilissis Sofias Avenue. After 1930, wavering among American and European musical influences as well as the Greek musical tradition. Both Athens and Sparta used their women as tools for bearing children above all other things. She inspired three of Phidias’s sculptural masterpieces, including the massive chryselephantine (gold and ivory) statue of Athena Parthenos once housed in the Parthenon; and in Aeschylus’s dramatic tragedy Eumenides she founded the Areopagus (Athens’s aristocratic council), and, by breaking a deadlock of the judges in favour of Orestes, the defendant, she set the precedent that a tied vote signified acquittal. Browse my tips on what to do in Athens in three days! 24, Issue 12, pp.1296–1302. In 700 BC the population grew to 10,000. Ahead of Eurovision 2020, she had plans to work her magic like a true “Superg!rl” on the Rotterdam stage. Athens is home to three European multi-sport clubs: Olympiacos, Panathinaikos, AEK Athens. During the first three years of preparations, the International Olympic Committee had expressed concern over the speed of construction progress for some of the new Olympic venues. The intercalated competitions were intermediate games to the internationally organized Olympics, and were meant to be organized in Greece every four years, between the main Olympics.  The network runs from Syntagma Square to the southwestern suburb of Palaio Faliro, where the line splits in two branches; the first runs along the Athens coastline toward the southern suburb of Voula, while the other heads toward Neo Faliro.  This issue is not unique to Athens; for instance, Los Angeles and Mexico City also suffer from similar atmospheric inversion problems.. They together with the regional unit of Piraeus (Greater Piraeus) make up the dense Athens Urban Area which reaches a total population of 3,090,508 inhabitants (in 2011). Search. It connects Athens to the numerous Greek islands of the Aegean Sea, with ferries departing, while also serving the cruise ships that arrive. By the 6th century BC, widespread social unrest led to the reforms of Solon. Interim Report, POLIS Research Project, European Commission, Directorate General for Science, Research and Development and human wellbeing and health. "Passive Cooling and Urban Layout". Athena, also spelled Athene, in Greek religion, the city protectress, goddess of war, handicraft, and practical reason, identified by the Romans with Minerva. The Pontic Greek spoken in Pontus and Caucasus Greeks in South Caucasus region has some 500,000 people speaking the language. Four mountain ranges extend into city boundaries and thousands of kilometres of trails criss-cross the city and neighbouring areas, providing exercise and wilderness access on foot and bike. The splendid sport report of book 23 containing the funeral games in honour of Patroclus spends 391 verses on the topic of chariot racing. The Municipality of Athens has an official population of 664,046 people. Share Pin Email Long renowned for its ancient treasures crowned by the Parthenon, Athens has more recently evolved into a hip European metropolis with a thriving contemporary art scene, bustling open-air cafes, live music venues, and slick hole-in-the-wall wine and cocktail bars. Athens has hosted the EuroLeague final three times, the first in 1985 and second in 1993, both at the Peace and Friendship Stadium, most known as SEF, a large indoor arena, and the third time in 2007 at the Olympic Indoor Hall. Multinational companies such as Ericsson, Sony, Siemens, Motorola, Samsung, Microsoft, Novartis, Mondelez, Coca-Cola, etc. In the Iliad, Athena is the divine form of the heroic, martial ideal: she personifies excellence in close combat, victory, and glory. In 2014, the airport handled 15,196,369 passengers, an increase of 21.2% over the previous year of 2013. Ziller also designed many private mansions in the centre of Athens which gradually became public, usually through donations, such as Schliemann's Iliou Melathron. "On the impact of Urban Climate to the Energy Consumption of Buildings". [page needed] In Ottoman Turkish, it was called آتينا Ātīnā, and in modern Turkish, it is Atina. Greek Tragedy. According to data from 2014, Athens as a metropolitan economic area produced 130 billion US-dollars as GDP in PPP, which consists nearly a half of the production for the whole country. In 500 BC the area probably contained 200,000 people. Athena became the goddess of crafts and skilled peacetime pursuits in general. Although the heavy cost was criticized, estimated at $1.5 billion, Athens was transformed into a more functional city that enjoys modern technology both in transportation and in modern urban development. Enter your e-mail for NewsLetter :: Collaboration B2B. 16–28. Beside the above clubs, inside the boundaries of Athens Municipality there are some more clubs with presence in national divisions or notable action for short periods. For the town of ancient Pisidia, see, Capitals of European states and territories, Neighbourhoods of the Center of Athens (Municipality of Athens), Population of the Athens Metropolitan Area, S. Immerwahr, The Athenian Agora XIII: the Neolithic and Bronze Ages, Princeton 1971. From that point forward, preparations continued at a highly accelerated, almost frenzied pace. Events in other sports such as athletics, volleyball, water polo etc., have been hosted in the capital's venues. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Athens and Piraeus municipalities serve as the two metropolitan centres of the Athens Metropolitan Area. (el) (Agios Panteleimonas), basketball club founded in 1992 with earlier presence in A2 Ethniki Basketball. Iakovides, S. 1962. When Demetrius of Phalerum conducted a population census in 317 BC the population was 21,000 free citizens, plus 10,000 resident aliens and 400,000 slaves. Many of Classical civilization’s intellectual and artistic ideas originated there, and the city is generally considered to be the birthplace of Western civilization.  Athenians were called cicada-wearers (Ancient Greek: Τεττιγοφόροι) because they used to wear pins of golden cicadas. The Roman emperor Hadrian, in the 2nd century AD, ordered the construction of a library, a gymnasium, an aqueduct which is still in use, several temples and sanctuaries, a bridge and financed the completion of the Temple of Olympian Zeus. Her patronage of skill site of the Summer urban heat islands on the occurrence of extreme events in cities daughter! 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