From trading they received wood from Italy, and grain from Egypt. Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. Athens is also the capital city and a centre of politics and tourism. They traded with other city-states, and some foreign lands. Athens in the 5th to 4th century BCE had an extraordinary system of government: democracy. Priestesses were necessary to conduct and organize the over 100 annual religious events that occurred yearly in Athens. It was known as a beautiful public buildings, public bath, shops, and busy city. Even though the states in ancient Greek had different law and money, they had the similar religions and languages. Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. In 508 B.C., Athens became one of the first societies in ancient times to establish democracy. Ancient Greek Government Facts Ancient Greece was the birthplace of democracy, therefore when we think about ancient Greek government what comes to mind is a democratic society. 2. But it was a long path to get there. Government and Politics of Ancient Athens. Political thinkers and philosophers flourished. Athens was near the sea which was good because it meant they had a good harbor, and that they could trade easily. To ancient Athenians, "tyrant" did not have the same negative connotations that it does today. Most people today think of democracy as an inherently good thing. And as true today, most events would have fallen apart without their organization by women. Athens is known as the birthplace of democracy. Because, then, the contributions of Athens to our own life are so important, because they touch (as a Greek would say) upon almost every side of "the true, the beautiful, and the good," it is obvious that the outward conditions under which this Athenian genius developed deserve our respectful attention. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. Facts about Ancient Athens 1: Government And this democracy didn't exactly function like any nation you think of today. Its democracy was "the rule of the mob," and historians consider the Athenians as the developers of democracy. However, democracy was only one type of government found in ancient Greece. Under this system, all male citizens had equal political rights, freedom of speech, and the opportunity to participate directly in the political arena. Ancient Greece had several city-states and each city-state had its own Ancient Greek Political System of government. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge. The concept of the ideal state by the Greek philosopher Plato is a relevant topic of study for the students of political science today. The one exception to the classes of women were the priestesses. The ancient city of Athens, Greece, had a democratic government. The Greeks were politically a well-advanced society. Because of this, a series of tyrants came to power, either taking it by force or by the will of the people. It was very direct; everyone had a vote, majority ruled, end of story. Every citizen was a part of the government, no matter what their social standing. Government - Government - Greece: The Phoenician example was followed by the Greeks, originally Indo-European nomads who gradually made their way south to the Aegean and there took to the sea. Even most high government officials were decided by lottery. Acropolis is a rocky hill and most of them lived below the rocky hill or Acropolis. 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